- The handout attempts to present Buth's system clearly using English examples. (Buth tends to cite Arabic, German and Spanish examples, which are beyond the linguistic competence I can expect from my students.) The handout is intended to replace charts on pp. 8-10 of Mounce's Basics of Biblical Greek (2d ed.; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003). See below for a summary of the differences between Erasmian and Reconstructed Koine.
- Randall includes a few audio samples on his website, but no recording of the alphabet, so I made my own. The alphabet and the first diphthong recording follow the order on the handout. The second diphthong recording spells the dipthongs before pronouncing them.
- Update: Don't miss the Reconstructed Koine Greek Alphabet Song (courtesy of Luke Johnson).
- Suggestions for improvement (and feedback in general) are welcome!
Buth defends his pronunciation choices here. His system is apparently close to the conclusions reached by Geoffrey Horrocks and Francis Gignac; it is also close to Modern Greek pronunciation.
Summary of the Differences between Erasmian and Reconstructed Koine
There are only three major differences in the pronunciation of letters:
- β is pronounced as ‘v’ instead of ‘b’
- δ is pronounced as ‘dh’ instead of ‘d’
- ο is pronounced as a long ‘o’ like ω
- αι is prounounced like ε (met) instead of as ‘eye’
- ει is pronounced like ι (‘ee’) instead of ‘eh?’
- οι is pronounced like υ instead of ‘oy’
- αυ, ευ, ηυ are pronounced ‘av’, ‘ev’ and ‘ehv’ or ‘af’, ‘ef’ and ‘ehf’ instead of ‘ow!’ and ‘ew!’
- ι is always a long ‘ee’ sound
- γ is pronounced ‘gh’ instead of ‘g’
- π, τ, κ are unaspirated which makes them sound close to b, d, and g.
- ζ is pronounced ‘z’ instead of ‘dz’